IUD is the short form of Intrauterine Device. It’s one of the most effective and safer birth control procedures. It’s a small and flexible T shaped device, usually made of plastic and having a ribbon that hangs down into the top region of the vagina. It is placed within a woman’s uterine cavity through her vagina to prevent pregnancy.
How does this function?

It prevents pregnancy by preventing sperms from calling with an egg. There are two types of IUD. One is Copper IUD and yet another is Progesterone IUD. However, copper-bearing IUD is widely used. Copper IUD works efficiently for about 10 years and after which it must be replaced. Likewise, hormonal IUD must be replaced every 5 years.

If it is placed and maintained properly, its effectiveness speed is greater than 99 percent. It’s very rare that an accidental pregnancy occurs while using an IUD. It is pertinent to mention here that only a trained physician or nurse can add and remove the IUD.

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Care for IUD

One thing you need to care would be to check the string inside the vagina. At the time of your menstrual period, you can check the thread by adding a clean finger in your vagina. If you don’t feel the thread or IUD itself, then it means the IUD isn’t in the ideal location. At this time you must seek advice from your doctor or the practice where you have got the IUD fitted. It is recommended that you have to have an annual check-up from your doctor. But once the IUD is fitted you can exercise, swim and have sexual intercourse straight away.

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Issues With IUDs

What makes the intrauterine device (IUD) a convenient contraceptive? Aside from being highly effective when used correctly, this device doesn’t interrupt intercourse and contains long-term contraceptive consequences.
“For the woman who can use an IUD, the benefits are great because she doesn’t need to be concerned about contraception each day. If the IUD isn’t inserted properly, pregnancy can occur. And the bad part is that IUD users who become pregnant are likely to miscarry. Pregnancy among IUD users increases the odds of disease, premature shipping and stillbirth.
To avert this, the IUD includes a little string which the wearer may use to guarantee that the device is in place. The string also enables the doctor to removing the device. Some girls can’t tolerate the IUD and it may be expelled during menstruation. Though many women can feel that happening, others may not. This can create problems later.

“To decrease the small risk of becoming pregnant using an IUD, make sure that whoever inserts it has experience performing the procedure and check frequently to be certain the lUD’s string’tail’ is turning into the vaginal canal. Between 2 percent and 20 percent of lUDs are expelled from the first year, occasionally without any pain. Any moment you can’t locate the string or have prolonged cramping, heavy bleeding, pain or fever, you should see your physician immediately,” warned Deborah Franklin in Health magazine.

There are other explanations for why women can not use the IUD even if it’s inserted properly. For one, the very act of insertion may be a painful experience. This can be true for women who have never had kids and wish to use this contraceptive method. This was revealed by Dr. Raphael Jewelewicz, associate clinical professor of psychiatry, in”The Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons Complete Home Medical Guide.”

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“Sometimes a doctor or family planning specialist will inject a painkiller to the cervix just before insertion. Pain may persist for 24 to 48 hours then and there may be a slight blood circulation following insertion. The first phase following insertion may be especially heavy,” he said.

“Severe menstrual cramps and increased menstrual bleeding may follow the insertion of an IUD. Sometimes these side effects lessen after a month or two.

The worst that may happen to IUD users are pelvic infect┬Čions which could result in sterility and ectopic pregnancy. The latter is a life-threatening illness at which the fertilized egg implants itself in the Fallopian tube rather than the uterus. Because IUDs can create aggravate sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), girls who have an active thyroid illness or a history of the pelvic inflammatory disease should avoid this device and switch to other birth control methods instead. (Tomorrow: Natural family planning methods)

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