The process of fertilization begins when the sperm cell meets the ovum inside the uterus. No one knows for sure when conception takes place, until finally there are signs of pregnancy. Next, the doctor will calculate your pregnancy, age based on the first day of your last menstrual period (HPHT).
The egg cell in the female body, mature at a certain period each month. While the male body always produces millions of sperm. But of the approximately 350 million sperm produced during ejaculation, at least one sperm can successfully fertilize an egg.
Like This Process of Conception
When you reach an orgasm, the man secretes semen rich in sperm. This fluid bolted into the womb looking for a way to meet the egg.
Gentle contractions of the uterus help the sperm in the female reproductive tract to reach the egg. Sperm-sperm will travel along approximately 18 cm from the cervix to the Fallopian tube, the location of the egg is located. The first sperm to meet the egg cell will try to penetrate the egg shell to fertilize.
Generally, these sperm can swim with a speed of 2.5 cm every 15 minutes. Some sperm can spend half a day to reach the goal. The fastest time the sperm reaches the egg within 45 minutes.
Conception should occur within 24 hours after the egg is produced. Once one of the sperm successfully penetrates the egg, the egg will change shape and form a layer so that other sperm can not penetrate. This is called the fertilization process, and will continue to be a process of pregnancy.
However, if sperm do not also find an egg to be fertilized, they can remain in the Fallopian tube for up to seven days after intercourse. If within seven days the woman ovulates, then there is likely to be conception and pregnancy. Ovulation is the release of an egg from one of the ovaries in the uterus to be fertilized by sperm.
After the egg cell is fertilized
After fertilization, the genetic material in sperm and fertilized eggs or zygotes combine to form new cells. The cells that form later will descend the Fallopian tubes to the uterus.
On the way to the uterus, the cells continue to divide into more than 100 cells as they arrive in the womb, becoming embryos. A new pregnancy will occur when the embryo has implanted itself on the uterine wall to then expand. This process is called implantation.
Some women experience mild bleeding during implantation, which is about 1-2 days. As the uterine wall strengthens, the cervix is also covered with fluid, making it a viable place where the baby develops.
There are times when an ectopic pregnancy occurs, when the fertilized egg is embedded outside the uterus, for example in the Fallopian tube. This condition is an emergency condition that requires immediate medical treatment. Ectopic pregnancy is often characterized by abdominal pain, bleeding and pain in the shoulder.
The process of fertilization is the beginning of pregnancy. Although you cannot feel the process, immediately consult your obstetrician after the emergence of signs of pregnancy. Then do regular pregnancy checks as recommended by the doctor to monitor the health of the fetus and the mother.
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