Seeing your baby in a healthy condition calms your nerve. However, she cannot be healthy all the time because she is also a human. Among many conditions, allergy is one that makes parents worry.
Cause of allergy
Because of their sensitive skin, babies are susceptible to allergy. As a parent, you should know what causes the allergy and how to treat it.
Allergy is a reaction of the body immune system towards substances that are inhaled, swallowed, or touched that come either food or environmental factor.
Some food that can cause allergy among others is peanut, milk, egg, and fish. When one of that food is consumed by your baby, her body will think that it’s dangerous. Her immune system will then create an antibody to fight the allergy.
When the immune system is fighting the substance that causes allergy, your baby’s body will release what is called as histamine. It is a substance that causes sneezing, coughing, and itching as a defense mechanism.
However, there is a difference between food allergy and food intolerance. The later doesn’t have anything to do with your baby’s immune system. It is more of her inability to discern certain substances such as lactose. The symptoms are also different. Lactose intolerance is usually shown by digestive problems.
Genetic factors also play an important role in your baby’s allergy. If you have a history of allergy, your baby has a high risk sharing the same condition with you.
Moreover, it takes some time to identify that your baby has an allergic reaction. She can show immediate responses to the allergen. But it is also possible that the reaction occurs slowly.
Symptoms of allergic reaction
Below are common symptoms that you can find if your baby has an allergic reaction. However, every child can have different symptoms, depending on the condition.
- Swelling face, lips, or tongue
- Red bumps on the body
- Skin redness
Types of allergic reactions
One out of ten babies is reported to have eczema. If your baby is suffering from eczema, her skin will turn red and be itchy as a sign of inflammation. Usually, it happens to children between one and five years old.
Eczema can be caused by a food allergy. However, sometimes the caused cannot be detected. To treat eczema, you can try by protecting your baby from the allergen. You can also apply baby skin allergy cream and moisturizer to her skin.
In extreme cases, you are suggested to see your doctor so that your baby can get special treatment.
Another allergic condition that your baby may experience is contact dermatitis. It is a condition that can be seen when your baby’s skin becomes reddish. Peeling and drying skin are also the signs if your baby is having contact dermatitis.
Treating this condition is not so different from treating eczema. Prevent your baby from the exposure of the allergen and put on steroid cream that you can buy easily.
If the signs are still there, try giving her antihistamine such as cetirizine. But please consult it with your doctor first.
Chronic hives are considered as a serious allergic reaction in babies. If your baby is having chronic hives, there will be a reddish rash on her skin. The size will be the same as the allergen. Other symptoms are breathing difficulty and swelling on her mouth and face. However, unlike other skin conditions, chronic hives don’t make your baby’s skin dry.
In many cases, chronic hives can go away on their own as long your baby doesn’t come near the allergen. But if the condition is taking too long to heal, you can consult your doctor for further treatment.